Testing with Cypress

We use Cypress for our end-to-end tests. This page references our custom commands and the best practices that we try to follow.

Best practices

We should try to stick with https://docs.cypress.io/guides/references/best-practices.html as much as possible. In short, we should currently enforce:

Use data-cy to target DOM elements

Don’t target elements based on CSS attributes such as: id, class, tag Add data-* attributes to make it easy to target elements

Tests independence

Tests should not rely on each others results and should be repeatable (we must be able to run it multiple times consecutively). You can use commands like cy.signup() to ensure that you start from a fresh context.

Custom commands

To improve the testing experience and the readability of our tests, we have defined a set of custom commands in cypress/support/commands.js.

Login, signup and seeding

Both the cy.login and cy.signup commands accept a redirect parameter. You can use it to be redirected to a specific page as soon as the command succeed.

cy.login({email, redirect} = params)

Login with an existing account. If not provided in params, the email used for authentication will be testuser+admin@opencollective.com.

Note that addresses formatted like test*@opencollective.com are a special case that let you login directly without the need to confirm your email. You can use the randomEmail helper to generate these.

cy.signup({user, redirect} = params)

Create an account and login with it. If no params is provided, the account will be created with a random email.

cy.createCollective({ type = 'ORGANIZATION', email =defaultTestUserEmail})

Helper to quickly create a collective that use designated by email will be an admin of.

cy.addCreditCardToCollective({ collectiveSlug })

Adds a default test credit card to the collective referenced by collectiveSlug

Forms

cy.fillStripeInput(container, cardParams)

Fills a stripe input.

  • container (optional) the DOM that contains the input

  • cardParams (optional) the credit card info. Defaults to a valid card. Keys:

    • creditCardNumber

    • expirationDate

    • cvcCode

    • postalCode

Emails

cy.openEmail(filterFunc)

This function is used to open an email in Cypress. If the command succeed, a page with the email is loaded and you'll be able to run all the usual cypress commands (cy.get, cy.contains...) to test it.

Examples

// Will open the first email with where subject contains "Hello World"
cy.openEmail(({ subject }) => subject.includes('Hello World'));
// Will open the first email sent to `test@email.com`
cy.openEmail(({ to }) => to[0].address === 'test@email.com' );

cy.getInbox()

Return the full inbox as a list of email objects. cy.openEmail should be privileged, but this one can be useful if you need to do more advanced verification like counting the number of emails or who the email was sent to.

> cy.getInbox()
[{
"id":"XwgKAxto",
"time":"2014-10-05T19:02:09.156Z",
"from":[{
"address":"angelo.pappas@fbi.gov",
"name":"Angelo Pappas"
}],
"to":[{
"address":"johnny.utah@fbi.gov",
"name":"Johnny Utah"
}],
"subject":"The ex-presidents are surfers",
"text":"The wax at the bank was surfer wax!!!",
"html":"<!DOCTYPE html><html><head></head><body><p>The wax at the bank was surfer wax!!!</p></body></html>",
"headers":{
"content-type":"multipart/mixed; boundary=\"---sinikael-?=_1-14125357291310.1947895612102002\"",
"from":"Angelo Pappas <angelo.pappas@fbi.gov>",
"to":"Johnny Utah <johnny.utah@fbi.gov>",
"subject":"The ex-presidents are surfers",
"x-some-header":"1000",
"x-mailer":"nodemailer (1.3.0; +http://www.nodemailer.com; SMTP/0.1.13[client:1.0.0])",
"date":"Sun, 05 Oct 2014 19:02:09 +0000",
"message-id":"<1412535729142-cc4cb0f1-41b96073-6ac4bee1@fbi.gov>",
"mime-version":"1.0"
},
"messageId":"1412535729142-cc4cb0f1-41b96073-6ac4bee1@fbi.gov",
"priority":"normal",
"attachments":[{
"contentType":"text/plain",
"contentDisposition":"attachment",
"fileName":"attachment-1.txt",
"generatedFileName":"attachment-1.txt",
"contentId":"0958713110a99ea2afc3b117c9d5feb3@mailparser",
"stream":{
"domain":null,
"_events":{},
"_maxListeners":10,
"writable":true,
"checksum":{"_binding":{}},
"length":0,
"charset":"UTF-8",
"current":""
},
"checksum":"d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e"
}],
"envelope":{
"from":"angelo.pappas@fbi.gov",
"to":["johnny.utah@fbi.gov"],
"host":"djf-3.local",
"remoteAddress":"127.0.0.1"
}
}]

cy.clearInbox()

Clears the inbox. It is a good practice to run it in before to ensure that your test cannot be influenced by the emails sent in previous tests.